The management structure of a US&R task force provides overall leadership and coordination for task force operations. Positions include Task Force Leader, Safety Officer, Planning Team Manager, Search Team Manager, Rescue Team Manager, Logistics Team Manager, Hazardous Materials Team Manager, and Medical Team Manager (Physician).
The search component of a US&R task force uses canines and technical/electronic search equipment to locate trapped survivors or victims. Positions include Search Team Manager, Canine Search Specialist, and Technical Search Specialist.
The rescue component of a US&R task force performs the extrication of trapped survivors by personnel skilled in cutting, shoring, lifting, and breaching steel, reinforced concrete, and other structural materials. Positions include Rescue Team Manager, Rescue Squad Officer, Rescue Specialist, and Heavy Equipment & Rigging Specialist.
The medical component of a US&R task force provides pre‐hospital and emergency care for task force members and survivors and provides initial treatment for injured search canines. Medical Specialists are trained to treat crush syndrome and provide confined‐space medicine for rescued survivors. The medical component does not provide transport capability. Positions include Medical Team Manager (Physician) and Medical Specialist (Paramedic).
The planning component of a US&R task force provides support to the overall search and rescue mission including planning, hazard evaluation, structural integrity assessment, and technical documentation. Positions include Planning Team Manager, Technical Information Specialist, and Structures Specialist (Engineer).
The logistics component of a US&R task force provides support to the overall search and rescue mission including logistical support, communications, mobilization and demobilization of personnel and equipment, and transportation support. Positions include Logistics Team Manager, Logistics Specialist, and Communications Specialist.
The hazardous materials component of a US&R task force provides initial and ongoing detection, identification, and monitoring, including initial mitigation and decontamination. The hazmat component supports the task force’s ability to operate in a contaminated environment specific to the agent detected. US&R hazmat teams does not have the mission of mitigating significant hazardous materials incidents. Decon capabilities are limited to emergency decon and decon of rescue personnel and small numbers of rescued victims only. Positions include Hazardous Materials Team Manager and Hazardous Materials Specialist. (A Type 1 task force has the ability to detect hazards with a variety of detection devices to include limited WMD events
The water rescue component of a US&R task force conducts search and rescue operations in flood/water environments. Positions include Water Rescue Specialist and Boat Operator.
(See NIMS typing document for specific information about the capabilities of each task force, Type 1-4.)