Fire/EMS Operational Guide for Active Shooter/Mass Casualty Incidents (abstract)
More than 250 people have been killed in the United States during what has been classified as active
shooter and mass casualty incidents (AS/MCIs) since the Columbine High School shootings in 1999.
AS/MCIs involve one or more suspects who participate in an ongoing, random or systematic shooting
spree, demonstrating the intent to harm others with the objective of mass murder.
It has become evident that these events may take place in any community impacting fire and police
departments, regardless of their size or capacity. Local jurisdictions must build sufficient public safety
resources to handle AS/MCI scenarios. Local fire/Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and law
enforcement (LE) must have common tactics, communications capabilities and terminology to have
seamless, effective operations. They should also establish standard operating procedures (SOPs) for these
very volatile and dangerous situations. The goal is to plan, prepare and respond in a manner that will save
the maximum number of lives possible.
Source: DHS/FEMA- U.S. Fire Administration